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Modern Technologies in Dentistry

RTG Diagnostics

KODAK RVG 6500 SYSTEM

is the most modern digital radiography system by Carestream. The highest quality of imaging and diagnosis helps reduce the radiation dose by up to 90% compared to conventional X-ray films. A photo of a tooth is visible on a computer screen after 2-3 seconds of exposure.

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Kodak 9000 3D

a panoramic photo provides a fast and complete review of the condition of the entire dentition, TMJ and sinuses. It is the first step to commence treatment, especially implant-prosthetic treatment. Moreover, it helps in diagnosing covert and symptomless inflammations and cancer.

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3D tomography

It is the primary diagnostic tool in modern dental surgery, implantology and endodontics. It helps accurately determine the size of implants and their placement, which ensures maximum safety to the patient. The examination is painless and non-invasive. The data obtained make it possible to:

  • Visualize the internal anatomy with accuracy impossible to achieve using other radiographic examinations;
  • Plan treatment and surgery in a precise way;
  • Assess accurately the potential risk;
  • Analyse in great detail the course of important structures, such as nerves, blood vessels, tooth roots, position of maxillary sinuses the location of which is different in each patient.

The radiation dose is approximately 10 times smaller than in conventional CT.

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Surgical Microscope ZEISS PRO ERGO

The ZEISS PRO ERGO surgical microscope with Xenon illumination facilitates making a precise diagnosis and dentists’ work. By using high magnification and very good lighting of the operating field we are able to give a perfect root canal treatment. We can successfully remove the broken endodontic instruments and find additional channels as well as work on thin and curved canals to save teeth which would otherwise have to be removed. In this way we increase the durability and efficiency of the treatment.

Currently, we treat the microscope as the primary equipment used during root canal treatment.

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Microprocessor-controlled Computer Anaesthesia

SleeperOne is a system that has completely revolutionised the quality and effectiveness of anaesthesia. Both pressure and amount of the administered agent can be controlled by a microprocessor. This means that an anaesthetic is administered in such a way as to eliminate the effect of spreading the anaesthetic fluid, causing pain. Its „harmless” appearance and operation allow us to eliminate the stress associated with the usual sight of the syringe.

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Piezosurgery

Piezosurgery is designed to accurately and safely perform surgical removal of retained teeth, sinuses lifting, implantation, resection, removal of cysts, bone augmentation without soft tissue damaging or bone overheating. The technique enhances the healing process and reduces discomfort after surgery.

Thanks to the patented, controlled, three-dimensional ultrasonic vibration it is widely used in most difficult cases.

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Inhalation Sedation

Inhalation sedation with nitrous oxide is an easy and hassle-free form of sedation of patients, both adults and children, who cannot cope with stress in the dental chair. This gas has relaxing and calming properties, accompanied by a marginal soporific effect. It does not excessively relax muscles or dull the patient, but allows one to maintain full contact with him/her. Gas ceases to work very quickly after its administration stops; therefore, it is possible for the patient to get behind the wheel of a car after the surgery.

The advantages of using nitrous oxide (the so-called laughing gas) comprise, most of all, pain relief, anxiety relief, in rare cases – hallucinogenic effect and retrograde amnesia. The analgesic effect is not too strong, but it offers some possibility to reduce sensation during certain surgery types with low-severity of pain, for example, initial caries removal, removal of calculus, local and regional anaesthesia, removal of stitches, and so on.

Sedation helps reduce discomfort in patients with a strong gag reflex, for example, during impression taking. Used in children it allows one to perform necessary procedures, which cannot be otherwise carried out effectively without general anaesthesia, due to the lack of cooperation between the child and the doctor. Often times children who required sedation do not need it any more after several surgeries. In older children and in adults sedation is recommended when patients become highly stressed whilst receiving injections when administering local anaesthesia.

The MASTER FLUX device is used to administer nitrous oxide. It is the most cutting-edge and advanced model of sedation devices.

Sedation with the mixture of N2O/O2 is particularly recommended for patients with:

  • bronchial asthma, epilepsy, heart disease (the mixture containing nitrous oxide has no adverse effect on the heart ), hypertension (sedation reduces stress and unexpected pressure spikes associated with it), haemophilia (no need for needle insertion to administer anaesthetic)

The procedure is safe as it does not cause cardiac arrhythmias and may be administered to patients with heart conditions. It does not cause excessive muscle relaxation; therefore, it does not disturb the action of respiratory muscles. It has no effect on peripheral vessels, and thus it does not affect the blood pressure. Moreover, it does not affect significantly the respiratory centre, which means patients do not experience slowdown of breath and hypoxia. It does not irritate the mucous membrane of the tracheobronchial tree, which means it can be used in the case of patients with asthma. It only slightly reduces myocardial contractility. It does not accumulate in fat tissue which means it is promptly removed through lungs, making it very easy to control. Furthermore, extending administration to several hours does not affect recovery time, which invariably amounts to 30 min.

N2O/O2 should not be administered to patients:

  • suffering from catarrh,
  • suffering from acute sinusitis and acute otitis media,
  • having a cochlear implant,
  • women in the first trimester of pregnancy,
  • suffering from porphyria,
  • suffering from myasthenia gravis,
  • suffering from bronchiectasis,
  • suffering from emphysema,
  • suffering from mental illness,
  • alcoholics.

However, application of inhalation sedation in these cases does not cause a risk to the patient’s life. No special preparations on the side of the patient are necessary except for abstaining from eating for 3 hours before surgery; neither are there any special post-surgery precautions.

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Fotona LightWalker Laser

MOST CUTTING-EDGE DENTAL LASER IN THE WORLD LightWalker is a universal laser due to the possibility to choose two complementary (when it comes to their effect on tissue) laser wavelengths Er:YAG and Nd:YAG.

The idea behind introducing lasers was gaining the ability to perform a therapy of both soft and hard tissue, including bones, while avoiding direct contact of the tool with tissues, which causes usual vibrations and pain. With this type of treatment wounds heal faster, post-operative swelling is smaller and inflammation in the wound is less severe.

LightWalker offers supreme-quality dental treatment combined with simplicity of use in:

  • reducing cervical hypersensitivity
  • conservative dentistry (treatment of cavities with disinfection of treatment area)
  • paediatric dentistry (dental sealants after cleansing and disinfection of furrows)
  • periodontics (disinfection of periodontal pockets root planing, treatment of aft and herpes )
  • orthodontics
  • endodontics (total elimination of microorganisms from the root canal)
  • soft tissue surgery (frenulectomy )
  • implantology (treatment of inflammation around the implant, exposing implants)
  • dental surgery (resection of the root apex, treatment of complications after tooth extraction ) and many others.

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Ozone Therapy

Ozone is used in dentistry due to its physico-chemical properties. For instance, ozone can:

  • improve metabolism of inflamed tissues by increasing their oxygenation;
  • activate the immune response systems – in high concentration it has an immunodepressive effect, in low – an immunostimulatory effect;
  • destroy bacteria, fungi and viruses;
  • ozone applied on the wounds caused by oral surgery or implant procedures is to prevent complications such as postoperative infection, and it facilitates healing of tissue.

According to most authors, a 10-second application of ozone destroys 99% of bacteria, while a 20-second application – 99.9%.

Ozone therapy should not be used in patients with pacemakers, patients with asthma, epilepsy and other neurological diseases, in small children and pregnant women.

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Dental Magnifying Glass

The truth is that there is no field of dentistry in which magnifying glasses are not used. The main advantages of using them include being able to perceive detail, the ability to perform a procedure with perfect accuracy as well as improving the quality of work. Magnifying devices prove to be invaluable especially in the case of complications and anatomical abnormalities.

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Kodak Intraoral Camera

It greatly facilitates communication with the patient. The image viewed on the LCD screen installed by the dental chair helps the dentist see and understand disease processes of teeth and gums. It also allows one to watch the course of treatment and its effects.

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